The New Car Assessment Program (NCAP) is a government-backed consumer focused initiative. Whereby independent vehicle crash test laboratories conduct crash tests, per official test protocols, on production vehicles. Test data, is then condensed into an easy-to-understand format that allows consumers to easily compare vehicle safety ratings.
This program was developed and implemented first in the United States by the U.S. Department of Transportation’s National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) division in 1979. Based on the merits of this first program, it was then adopted in Europe (Euro NCAP) in 1997. Today, similar programs are now in place in Australia and New Zealand (ANCAP), in Japan (JNCAP), in Korea (KNCAP), in China (C-NCAP), in Latin America (Latin NCAP) and in Southeast Asia (ASEAN NCAP).
Calspan has been conducting the official U.S. NCAP Full Frontal, Side Moving Deformable Barrier and the Side Pole crash tests for the NHTSA since the program's inception.
Calspan also conducts the official Optional NCAP Tests for OEMs once an OEM has submitted to the NHTSA evidence of a vehicle change improves the NCAP test results of such vehicle.